The mandarin tree may be much smaller than that of the sweet orange or equal in size, depending on variety. With great age, some may reach a height of 25 ft (7.5 m) with a greater spread. The tree is usually thorny, with slender twigs, broad-or slender-lanceolate leaves having minute, rounded teeth, and narrowly-winged petioles. The flowers are borne singly or a few together in the leaf axils. The fruit is oblate, the peel bright-orange or red-orange when ripe, loose, separating easily from the segments. Seeds are small, pointed at one end, green inside.
1. Mandarin oranges may improve brain health.
Several components of oranges, such as potassium, folate, and various antioxidants are known to provide neurological benefits. Folate has been known to reduce the occurrence of Alzheimer's disease and cognitive decline. Potassium has been linked to increase blood flow to the brain and enhance cognition, concentration, and neural activity.
Also, mandarin oranges are loaded with vitamin B6, whose deficiency is shown to lead to depression and nausea. Be sure not to consume too much. The vitamin B6 upper limit is set to 100 milligrams for adults over the age of 18, but adults do not need that much unless directed by the doctor.
2. Mandarin oranges are helpful for pregnant women and their babies.
Mandarin oranges are an excellent source of the B-vitamin complex, such as folate or folic acid. Folate has shown to help in neural tube formation and red blood cell formation in prenatal babies. A deficiency of folic acid in pregnant women can lead to the birth of underweight infants and may also result in neural tube defects in newborns.
3. Mandarin oranges can help maintain a healthy blood pressure.
Mandarin Oranges are packed with potassium and a low content of sodium. They are well known because of their high potassium content. A mandarin orange contains 324 milligrams of potassium, compared to zero milligrams of sodium. This helps the blood vessels relax and maintains proper blood pressure.
4. Mandarin oranges can help improve the heart's health.
Fiber, vitamin C, and B6, and potassium have been known to improve the heart's health. The recommended 4700 milligrams (mg) of potassium are not obtained by many individuals in the United States, according to the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, despite the benefits of increased potassium intake. One study suggested that individuals who consumed 4069 mg of potassium per day had a 49 percent lower risk of death from ischemic heart disease compared with those who consumed less potassium (approximately 1000 mg per day).
5. Mandarin oranges can help individuals fight infections.
A mandarin orange has 87 percent of the vitamin C daily requirements. Vitamin C is a potent natural water-soluble antioxidant that helps the body develop resistance against infectious agents and eliminates cancer-causing free radicals in the body.
6. Mandarin oranges are great for the hair and skin's appearance.
Adequate vitamin C intake does not only improve the immune system, can also create and maintain collagen, an essential protein found in hair and skin. Also, mandarin oranges contain vitamin A. Vitamin A has been known to keep the hair moisturized through increased sebum production.
7. Mandarin oranges help improve digestive health.
Mandarin oranges are a great source of fiber. The daily recommended dietary fiber intake for men and women are 38 grams and 25 grams, respectively. Fiber can aid to prevent constipation, making one's bowel movement easier to control. A mandarin orange contains 3.5 grams of dietary fiber.
Kinnow is a Citrus fruit variety Mandarin majorly grown in the province of Punjab. Pakistan is the sixth largest producer of Kinow (mandarin) and oranges in the world, with 2.1 million tons. Pakistan world mandarin and oranges market share during the year 1997 was 0.9 percent and 3.6 percent in terms of value and volume respectively. Pakistan is also the largest producer of Citrus Reticula variety (Kinow), this unique variety of citrus is indigenous to this part of the world. According to an estimate approx. 95 percent of the total Kinow produced all over the world is grown in Pakistan.
Citrus cultivars are grown in varying quantities in countries with tropical or sub tropical climate. Citrus stands first in area and production among the worlds tree fruits. In Pakistan also, citrus fruits are the most important fruit crops grown on the area of 160,000 hectares with production of 1.5 MMT annually.
innow season starts in November and ends in March, a longer picking season than any other citrus variety. It is consumed direct as a fruit as well as juice (fresh & concentrates).
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